Laravel Ckeditor
This table contains the columns name, description, etc. Global variable in laravel controller. Dear Reader, here we are going to make you understood about “Laravel interview questions and answers for Freshers” which we watch out that the Interviewer wants and I am sure these questions and answer will be very important for you because here I am mention mostly asked questions and answer, let’s start. The issue which i think is that , when i save the file width and height is correct according to the selection i have made but cropping area is wrong. Find a good one and viola!. Symfony, High Performance PHP Framework for Web Development About. Laravel DomainException in RouteCompiler Variable Laravel CKEditor Saves to DB but HTML does not ren Laravel: How can I group records together using a In Laravel 5. As I wanted to upload multiple images in my textarea using Laravel, I came. CKEditor的使用 laravel使用mongodb Laravel使用 CKEditor和CKFinder使用 5. Are you sure you want to delete this reply? This cannot be undone. Ckeditor package for laravel 4. how to check if data already in database laravel. phar create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laraweb The default Laravel page can be accessed by accessing the URL. [SOLVED]Unisharp laravel filemanager unable to 'browse server' in ckeditor when ever i try to insert image in CKeditor and click on 'Browse Server', a new window. We don't need to install Laravel Tinker separately. 验证身份证,并获取身份证信息. Easy way to upload image to TinyMCE in Laravel. CKEditor by default did not allow upload file by browsing. We can implement ckeditor with image uploading in PHP simply. Edit config/app. Each of our partners can help you craft a beautiful, well-architected project. En Styde nos dedicamos a enseñarte tecnologías actuales de desarrollo web como PHP, Laravel, Vue. It solution stuff provide question solutions, examples, code, quickly develop and deploy of PHP, Laravel, Codeigniter,. The server side just has to accept html/markdown and images, and store it somewhere. This package provides an easy way to set up CKEditor with Laravel 5. Extract it and put into your projects directory OR Copy the cdn link and paste it in the body tag 3. Mời bạn điền thông tin vào ô dưới đây hoặc kích vào một biểu tượng để đăng nhập:. In this app in need an editor to create blog posts so I use ckeditor for this. But I don't know how to make a saving application. wysiwg does not show. laravel-admin 编辑器基于ckeditor上传图片,并带PHP图片处理及回调方法 04-27 阅读数 1812 一、版本说明laravel5. CKEditor), smiley support and attachments, to name a few. CKEditor is one of the best WYSIWYG editor available for your websites. Unisharp\Ckeditor\ServiceProvider::class, Then type this command in cmd. Here are the key features: Allows a custom built toolbar, no magic markup generators, enabling the web site to use all the goodness of Bootstrap, Font Awesome and so on. Integrating CkEditor in Laravel In this tutorial, I am going to show you how to integrate CKEditor and KCFinder plugin with image upload functionality in Laravel 5. Laravel 5 - Summernote Wysiwyg Editor with Image Upload Example Summernote Wysiwyg is very simple and cool editor. $ cd /var/www/html $ php /opt/phar/composer. Today, We want to share with you PHP Laravel CKEditor Canned Responses using jquery. Google javascript wysiwyg editors and you will get dozens. multiple where clause laravel. I searched alot and used various methods but each of them has a problem. This is featured with many advantages like preparing your mail content, creating your blogs and so on. Learn about PHP, MYSQL, JavaScript, Laravel, VueJS, Frameworks, Tools and latest news in programming with detailed descriptions and source code. composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog. You can see the result of the tutorial as shown in […]. Introduction and Installation What is Atlantis? Atlantis is a CMS and a framework built on top of Laravel 5. In this case we will use bulma css framework, but you can use any other. 时间 2016-04-05. laravel-admin Github. Advertisement: Professional startup template for ASP. This can be extremely useful for defining global date formats, for example. Dear Reader, here we are going to make you understood about “Laravel interview questions and answers for Freshers” which we watch out that the Interviewer wants and I am sure these questions and answer will be very important for you because here I am mention mostly asked questions and answer, let’s start. Laravel PHP AngulerJS NodeJS HTML CSS & CSS3 Javascript jQuery MySql Bootstrap Android Elasticsearch PaymentGateway Code Script VueJs MongoDB Installation Recent Questions Laravel 5. js v2 Playing around with a custom Vue CKEditor component. It does not depend on other libraries like – jQuery and can be used in 3. Its complete documentation, specially designed framework plugins and tons of examples make it easy to integrate. Hello everyone we are sharing a one very helpfull ckeditor tutorials, some time you integrate ckeditor in you php project and you want to add functionality to upload image from your local computer with ckeditor. Welcome to a place where words matter. Laravel Articles Laravel 4. CKEditor module & CKEditor, the editor - the difference. Each of our partners can help you craft a beautiful, well-architected project. Easy CKEditor integration with Laravel 5. Add this line to the providers section at last. Sometimes, as programmers we need to decide between great edition capabilities, keep the design or do it in a low price. Install UniSharp/laravel-ckeditor composer require unisharp/laravel-ckeditor. FluxKart complete solution for multivendor products marketplace. Laravel is a web application framework with expressive, elegant syntax. phar create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laraweb The default Laravel page can be accessed by accessing the URL. 3laravel-admin1. so if you have image upload option also available. But what if you need to restrict a certain DB COLUMN from being edited? Like, for example, “published” checkbox for articles, that can be ticked only by. Download a ready demo. 0-alpha8 - Updated May 6, 2019 - 1. Become a Laravel Partner. CKEditor 5 download. Darryl has 6 jobs listed on their profile. laravel-pagination-with-havings - justbetter. I want to enable uploading images for user. Am assuming, you already setup authentication. CKEditor and TinyMCE integration; Standalone button; Uploading validation; Cropping and resizing of images; Public and private folders for multi users; Customizable routes, middlewares, views, and folder path; Supports two types : files and images. 7 and up, which handles the server-side of WebSockets for you. I have made following settings in my config. 0 - Latest Release - 11 August 2019 LARAVEL FULL PROJECT APPS ADDED TO QUILLPRO V2. So if yo run the project on the browser you can easily access it. Laravel doesn't even need to know which one you used. Laravel DomainException in RouteCompiler Variable Laravel CKEditor Saves to DB but HTML does not ren Laravel: How can I group records together using a In Laravel 5. php artisan vendor:publish --tag=ckeditor 2. Pune, India. 2 CKEditor CKEditor在php中的使用 ckeditor用法 laravel laravel常用知 ckeditor的使用 CKEditor ckeditor ckeditor ckeditor CKEditor ckeditor CKEditor CKeditor CKEditor laravel ckeditor ckeditor laravel laravel 使用 jwt django1. En este curso avanzado crearemos ejemplos interactivos utilizando Laravel 5. All gists Back to GitHub. Ckeditor is a most powerful tool for content editor. confirmed, the warning is fixed in the latest DEV version. This is a fork from the official CKEditor branch (standard edition), wrap it to laravel package. Codebase is a professional, modern, complete and flexible UI framework that can be used to create the UI for all kind of projects: Web Applications, Backend Websites, Websites, Custom Admin Panels, Admin Dashboards, CMS, CRM or even a Portfolio, Blog, Business Website. 04 Implementasi Laravel File Manager di CKEditor - Duration: 8:02. laravel-pagination-with-havings - justbetter. This package makes it super easy to use the editor with Laravel 5. We believe development must be an enjoyable, creative experience to be truly fulfilling. If you take a look at CK-Editor it is the most flexible text editor that we can use across our websites description section to embed custom HTML codes, add images & videos directly using drag and drop features that we can get from any other. I'm now refactoring, extracting my css code into it's own file (that lives in public/css/custom. However, the date format used for display might not match the date format used for form elements. Let's see how it works now. Tích hợp ckeditor vào website CKEditor là gì?. Standalone button. I'm now refactoring, extracting my css code into it's own file (that lives in public/css/custom. composer require unisharp/laravel-ckeditor Add in service provider Unisharp\Ckeditor\ServiceProvider::class, run this command php artisan vendor:publish -. php file as the they says. composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog. The list we present here includes 5 good text-editor for Laravel that have proven the best choice for professional PHP developers and programmers because of being modern, famous and highly feature-rich. *二、扩展ckeditor编辑器。. php) is enabled and functional. In the config. You can see the result of the tutorial as shown in […]. You can start from scratch by building dashboards, the listing, filters, sorting. its suitable for all product marketplace. Lots of features are available in this editor. i have a laravel 5 project. Choose your build. Is there an alternative that can show images inline (in the editor)? With not to much configuration? Already tried Trix editor but with trix I can't move the images. Tích hợp ckeditor vào website CKEditor là gì?. If you want to give a more flexible area to user for write any content then CKEditor is better way over adding textarea. 1) namnh 11/02/2019 Leave a Comment Một số thay đổi về bảo mật của XAMPP PHP 7. Now, i will give you few step to set ckeditor with file uploading and. Image Uploads. 1) ckeditor. giống như ckeditor nhưng thêm 1 màn hình source nữa. As I wanted to upload multiple images in my textarea using Laravel, I came. In this post we will show you HOW TO INSTALL AND USE CKEDITOR IN LARAVEL, hear for how to Laravel connect ckeditor on my textarea we will give you demo and example for implement. It provides a number of helpful commands for your use while developing your application. CKEditor 5 core is designed to handle a tree-structured custom data model. So any good editor or IDE will work for you, and it's a matter of personal preference. On Medium, smart voices and original ideas take center stage - with no ads in sight. Sign in Sign up. Expose author name in posts Allow the user to show his name in blog posts. Laravel Cashier provides an expressive, fluent interface to Stripe's and Braintree's subscription billing services. - UniSharp/laravel-ckeditor. 1 Aprende los fundamentos para programar y crea un módulo con el framework más popular de PHP. Finding Geolocation and country information of a user is a necessary thing to do for most of the websites. Setting up an SSL certificate enables HTTPS on the web server, which secures the traffic between the server and the clients connecting to it. Display laravel data using relationship in vue component 2019 file_put_contents failed to open stream: No such file or directory reset ckeditor jquery (how to clear ckeditor with jquery). Makes it possible to use pagination with havings. added new Bladeif directive, in this tutorial I am going to provide details on how you can use Laravel 5. Custom Web Development Learning Tutorials. First run this command in command line. 04 Implementasi Laravel File Manager di CKEditor - Duration: 8:02. All we need to do is to create a view file where a user can select a file to be uploaded and a controller where uploade. 6 application from scratch following very simple steps. For example: when I'm at the bottom of the content and click somewhere in the text to edit or add something, it expands the text area and moves me up to the toolbar. They require SMTP authentication for security purpose. so we are making one ckeditor script which very usefull to all for upload any file local computer to server without add ckeditor file browsing plugin. Laravel attempts to take the pain out of development by easing common tasks used in the majority of web projects, such as authentication, routing, sessions, and caching. span and div, being stripped out of html by CKEditor. It is a component with a rich, well-documented API that allows developers to write custom features on top of it. If you want to give a more flexible area to user for write any content then CKEditor is better way over adding textarea. It eases website administration and allows the average Internet user to operate and administer their website while also allowing technical users to use improve upon and rapidly create the web application that they need without starting from scratch, as many. Easy way to upload image to TinyMCE in Laravel. org projects that bundle their own library; i. editorConfig = function( config ) {. Global variable in laravel controller. so if you have image upload option also available then it awesome. 1 khiến cho việc tích hợp CKFinder 3 vào CKEditor 4 gặp khá nhiều khó khăn. This allows for implementing fast and reliable real-time collaboration inside complex structures such as tables or nested widgets. In this case we will use bulma css framework, but you can use any other. Another small but important update, suggested by one of our customers - ability to upload files to CKEditor in textarea fields. We are going to create 3 files ie, ckeditor. Install, download or serve a ready-to-use rich text editor of your choice. If the image is web-hosted, then it is pretty simple to add the image in the editor. Today, in this laravel ckeditor tutorial we are going to see how to integrate ckeditor in laravel 5 which is now version 5. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. This means that you can now comfortably integrate the best file manager for CKEditor with your Laravel application in little to no time, just like a real web artisan would do! CKFinder 3 is a robust, secure. A common question about Laravel and, in general, about frameworks is: "How to built an administration panel?". How To Guides & Software Tutorials. CKEditor Package Note. What is Laravel web development? It's a structure that provides one with the capability to choose and create a program on it. 1 laravel php laravel 5 laravel 4 laravel with laravel tutorial I am using ckeditor and I am trying to upload file. Are you sure you want to delete this reply? This cannot be undone. CKEditor permits you to directly add the JavaScript based codes within online applications or web pages, it is coming under commercial and open source licenses. Mời bạn điền thông tin vào ô dưới đây hoặc kích vào một biểu tượng để đăng nhập:. Based on metronic theme, includes pre-built pages like login, register, tenant, role, user, permission and setting management. Welcome to a place where words matter. 5 + XAMPP (PHP 7. Artisan is the name of the command-line interface included with Laravel. Easy way to upload image to TinyMCE in Laravel. Laravel Aimeos is the open source package for Laravel 5+, allowing the developers to set up a fully functional e-commerce store that supports 100000+ products. Laravel has nothing to do with this. But have you ever been confronted with the possibility of having multiple (different) groups of users , that you wish to separate resources for. Integrating CkEditor in Laravel. http: //localhost /laraweb /public/ Integrate CKeditor. Ckeditor package for laravel 4. Using PHP connecting to an POP/IMAP server is a relatively easy process, it can be useful for using webmail or to allow a script to download all emails and store in a database for instance. CKEditor by default did not allow upload file by browsing. this ckeditor. Hello everyone we are sharing a one very helpfull ckeditor tutorials, some time you integrate ckeditor in you php project and you want to add functionality to upload image from your local computer with ckeditor. when a user login to app in mobile, app send a token with expire time to mob. CKEDITOR officially has its own composer package since 2014. Today we are share with you one common but verry important tutorial how to prevent block multiple login of same credentials in laravel application using laravel session token key and google firebase. Symfony is a set of reusable PHP components and a PHP framework to build web applications, APIs, microservices and web services. So if you have Ckeditor image upload not working in Laravel then i will hep you to how to upload image using Ckeditor in Laravel. The latest Tweets from Yogesh Koli (@iyogeshkoli). This is featured with many advantages like preparing your mail content, creating your blogs and so on. laravel-event-sourcing - spatie. Compared to other frameworks, Laravel is extremely easy to use. phar create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laraweb The default Laravel page can be accessed by accessing the URL. This is my code:. Toggle navigation. 1 khiến cho việc tích hợp CKFinder 3 vào CKEditor 4 gặp khá nhiều khó khăn. if you are use simply in php then it is very simple. Certbot is a free and automated way to set up SSL certificates on a server. Edit config/app. Easy CKEditor integration with Laravel 5. Laravel: The Pros. Laravel is a web application framework with expressive, elegant syntax. CKEditor is a web text editor which allows us to write rich text formats. Issues for CKEditor - WYSIWYG HTML editor. Lots of features are available in this editor. I need an editor where the user can add images and html in the text area that do not add unecessary html tags like many bad editors I have used in the past in my projects without framework. I loaded CKEeditor in my view and then applied to my textarea, not luck so far. 0-alpha8 - Updated May 6, 2019 - 1. Add this line to the providers section at last. Ckeditor package for laravel 4. Thousands of digital studios and freelancers all over the world love October for its simplicity, flexibility and modern design. It does not depend on other libraries like - jQuery and can be used in 3. I was expecting (the novice that I am) that this was a tutorial to teach me how to do the saving side of this. 0 使用ckeditor laravel. Tutoriales de Laravel 5. A WYSIWYG (pronounced “wiz-ee-wig”) editor is one that allows you to see what the end result will look like while the interface or document is being created. Your question would be like "How to Add Wysiwyg Editor in Laravel?" There are many editors available in javascript and easy to integrate with laravel In Laravel. CKEditor is one of the best WYSIWYG editor available for your websites. ; On the integration Page, for TinyMCE4, they have given a script to load into your file. In this video, we show you how to install and use CKEditor in Laravel. Laravel provides several different ways to validate your application incoming data. Discover packages, ask for packages and learn how to create your own packages for Laravel. *二、扩展ckeditor编辑器。. Problem/Motivation I created a custom Text Format/Editor profile that uses only two buttons in the CKEditor toolbar: DrupalLink and DrupalUnlink (both of which are part of the plugin \Drupal\ckeditor\Plugin\CKEditorPlugin\DrupalLink). - UniSharp/laravel-ckeditor. So, let's see bellow steps to getting done with image upload in ckeditor laravel. It provides a number of helpful commands for your use while developing your application. 2; 3; 3 months ago Mark Jones. I hope you get an idea about jQuery Ajax Get JSON in Laravel Example, laravel ajax get, laravel 5. Display laravel data using relationship in vue component 2019 file_put_contents failed to open stream: No such file or directory reset ckeditor jquery (how to clear ckeditor with jquery). You can found all the source code on GitHub, it's helping us to contribute to the improvements. , the module author is the creator and vendor of the library. First run this command in command line. CKEditor 5 is a modular, multi-package, multi-repository project. A WYSIWYG (pronounced “wiz-ee-wig”) editor is one that allows you to see what the end result will look like while the interface or document is being created. An HTML editor is a software application for creating web pages. Laravel's Eloquent Accessor allow you to manipulate a model attribute before returning it. Hi, Currently I'm using ckeditor but I don't really like it. 3 Completely replace default auth by Car. Trong nội dung bài viết này mình sẽ hướng dẫn các bạn cách tích hợp CKEditor và CKFinder cho Laravel. This HTML text editor allows many of the powerful editing functions found on desktop editors like Microsoft Word to your web. En Styde nos dedicamos a enseñarte tecnologías actuales de desarrollo web como PHP, Laravel, Vue. Hello guys, I am trying to integrate CKEditor in my view where textarea is used but no luck so far. mojoPortal is an open source, cross-platform, content management system (CMS) for ASP. If the image is web-hosted, then it is pretty simple to add the image in the editor. CKEditor CDN. Laravel has a great roles/permissions system out-of-the-box, based on Gates and Policies, and it’s usually used to access the whole menu item or some action, like create/delete. WYSIWYG is an acronym for “what you see is what you get”. The latest Tweets from iTech Empires (@itechempires). Ckeditor package for laravel 4. It allows developers to keep track of their codes as for how their final web results will look like in real time. This package provides an easy way to set up CKEditor with Laravel 5. FluxKart complete solution for multivendor products marketplace. Today we have no more excuses, we can provide all three. 1 laravel 5. Pasang class dan id dengan value nya “ckeditor”. 1) namnh 11/02/2019 Leave a Comment Một số thay đổi về bảo mật của XAMPP PHP 7. Custom Web Development Learning Tutorials. So if you have Ckeditor image upload not working in Laravel then i will hep you to how to upload image using Ckeditor in Laravel. nova-laravel-update-card - beyondcode. CKEditor image upload with Laravel CKEditor default doesn't have a possibility to upload a photo, it's obvious because he doesn't have an idea on which place you want to save it. In this tutorial, I show how to enable custom file upload in CKEditor and upload file with PHP. CKEditor permits you to directly add the JavaScript based codes within online applications or web pages, it is coming under commercial and open source licenses. Other Methods of Integrating WordPress and Laravel. reset ckeditor jquery (how. Today’s tutorial, we will show you how to use CKeditor in Laravel. Even if he will know he doesn't know how to save it. How To Guides & Software Tutorials. composer require unisharp/laravel-ckeditor Then edit config/app. If you want to give a more flexible area to user for write any content then CKEditor is better way over adding textarea. Speed up your website by loading CKEditor from CDN:. Screenshot. You can see the result of the tutorial as shown in […]. Today you will learn how to add wysiwyg editor in Laravel 5 project with a few simple steps. In this tutorial i am going to show you how to integrate CKEditor and KCFinder plugin with image upload functionality in Laravel 5. 3, how to get the Job ID after we dis How to add dynamically prefix to routes? Laravel 5. If you use the Form::open method with POST, PUT or DELETE the CSRF token will be added to your forms as a hidden field automatically. Hi, Currently I'm using ckeditor but I don't really like it. Hello everyone we are sharing a one very helpfull ckeditor tutorials, some time you integrate ckeditor in you php project and you want to add functionality to upload image from your local computer with ckeditor. Laravel attempts to take the pain out of development by easing common tasks used in the majority of web projects, such as authentication, routing, sessions, and caching. You can see the result of the tutorial as shown in […]. Display laravel data using relationship in vue component 2019 file_put_contents failed to open stream: No such file or directory reset ckeditor jquery (how to clear ckeditor with jquery). Expose author name in posts Allow the user to show his name in blog posts. So, let's see bellow steps to getting done with image upload in ckeditor laravel. To use the CKEditor, we first need to include their JS file. This means that you can now comfortably integrate the best file manager for CKEditor with your Laravel application in little to no time, just like a real web artisan would do! CKFinder 3 is a robust, secure. View Saniyat Hossain’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. GitHub - UniSharp/laravel-ckeditor: This is a fork from the official CKEditor branch (standard edition), wrap it to laravel package. ALIS Editor is a rich text editor based on tree structure by JSON. 이는 텍스타일에서 ckeditor 로 혹은 그 반대로 이관할 때 기존에 작성한 문서의 형식이 모두 깨지게 되므로 어떤 방식을 채택하든 한 번 결정하게 되면 변경이 매우 힘들게 된다. mojoPortal is an open source, cross-platform, content management system (CMS) for ASP. *二、扩展ckeditor编辑器。. When we install Laravel, we got this feature automatically. Laravel provides a powerful filesystem abstraction thanks to the wonderful Flysystem PHP package by Frank de Jonge. Presenting the List of 5 best Laravel IDE &code editors. CKEditor is a rich web text editor, which can be used inside your HTML web pages. 5 Rimorsoft Online Running an SQL Injection Attack - Computerphile - Duration: 17:11. Laravel Manager by Vinelab and Laravel ckeditor by UniSharp are two of the most commonly used custom WYSIWYG editors. Laravel File Manager * For Laravel 5. Laravel Collective. Tích hợp CKFinder 3 vào CKEditor 4 trong dự án Laravel 5. Today, We want to share with you Laravel Integrate CKEditor Example Tutorial. I think CKEditor is the best free WYSIWYG editors available. Learn how to use TailWindCSS with Laravel A step by step guide for you to get started using Tailwind css utility classes to design an ultimate UI for your project. Easy CKEditor integration with Laravel 5. php" is a PHP script that can be used to upload image files on server, with CKEditor, and use them automatically in the editor's contents. Thousands of digital studios and freelancers all over the world love October for its simplicity, flexibility and modern design. The server side just has to accept html/markdown and images, and store it somewhere. Laravel: How can I set dynamic table headers from Newbies trying to implement search in larvel; hasOne() not returning relationships because of me Object only able to retrieve a single many-to-many Laravel DomainException in RouteCompiler Variable Laravel CKEditor Saves to DB but HTML does not ren. We are happy to announce that the official CKFinder 3 Package for Laravel is now available. I need an editor where the user can add images and html in the text area that do not add unecessary html tags like many bad editors I have used in the past in my projects without framework. And then use laravel new command for creating a…. How to add ckeditor youtube plugin for ckeditor-2017. this is a very. - UniSharp/laravel-ckeditor. August 22, 2014. Media gallery for CKEditor and TinyMCE, with multi-users. Today, We want to share with you PHP Laravel CKEditor Canned Responses using jquery. 1) namnh 11/02/2019 Leave a Comment Một số thay đổi về bảo mật của XAMPP PHP 7. Installation Set up package composer require unisharp/laravel-ckeditor Add ServiceProvider. To allow you to upload an image you must write two things: post upload action in your controller. This can be extremely useful for defining global date formats, for example. A WYSIWYG (pronounced "wiz-ee-wig") editor is one that allows you to see what the end result will look like while the interface or document is being created. Are you sure you want to delete this reply? This cannot be undone. Opencart (www. x version;. Tutoriales de Laravel 5. Global variable in laravel controller. Laravel File Manager * For Laravel 5. Hello every one, I searched the web for a dark skin for the CKEditor and how to actually insert it. laravel-admin Github. unisharp/laravel-ckeditor JavaScript WYSIWYG web text editor (for laravel). But, textarea comes with some limitations. Trong nội dung bài viết này mình sẽ hướng dẫn các bạn cách tích hợp CKEditor và CKFinder cho Laravel. Actually it is quite easy to integrate. You will have many features with this media management. CKEditor CDN. 0 使用ckeditor laravel. if you are use simply in php then it is very simple. About Bud Manz. The way to use this will be explained later. We believe development must be an enjoyable, creative experience to be truly fulfilling. As such, certain types of feature won’t be considered for future releases; these include text editor integrations (e.